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Brain & Nervous System

Epilepsy: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Coping



Epilepsy is a neurological condition caused on by electrical disruptions in the mind. The condition results in seizures, which can trigger unusual habits, motions, or experiences, as well as sometimes an absence of recognition or loss of awareness.

Epilepsy is detected when you have actually had two or more seizures and also there’s no medical problem behind them, such as alcohol withdrawal or reduced blood sugar level.1.

While the specific source of epilepsy is unknown in regarding half of the instances, it occasionally runs in family members or can result from various conditions such as strokes, infections, as well as distressing mind injury. Treatment alternatives include anti-seizure drugs and also, in many cases, surgery.



Symptoms     Causes     Diagnosis     Treatment     Coping


What causes epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a complex condition as well as can be caused by anything that changes the brain’s electric task. Epilepsy can be connected to certain variables, including genetics, a stressful brain injury, a stroke, or a mind infection.

How is epilepsy diagnosed?


A selection of examinations are utilized to help identify epilepsy, consisting of a neurological test and also an electroencephalogram (EEG). Other tests might consist of blood work and also imaging studies of the mind, such as a computerized tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and a positron emission tomography (PET DOG).

Is epilepsy genetic?
Lots of kinds of epilepsy have a genetic component. Though genetics don’t necessarily create epilepsy, they may make someone inclined to it. For example, if you have actually the genes linked with epilepsy, you may be most likely to develop it if you experience a traumatic mind injury.

Is epilepsy considered a disability?

The Social Security Administration details epilepsy as one of the conditions which may qualify you for impairment benefits if you meet their particular demands. The guidelines pertaining to epilepsy are extremely technological, with separate demands for convulsive and also non-convulsive kinds of the problem.


Electroencephalogram (EEG)
A non-invasive examination that grabs irregular brain waves and records the electrical task of the brain via electrodes connected to the scalp. EEGs are usually done to discover seizures as well as to identify epilepsy.

Generalized Seizure
A kind of seizure that influences both sides of the mind at the same time. Generalized seizures can consist of tonic-clonic, lack, and also atonic seizures, each of which may have different causes as well as signs and symptoms.

Neurological Disorder
Any kind of among a variety of illness that influence the mind, spinal cord, outer nerves, and also muscular tissues. Neurological problems include stroke, seizure problems such as epilepsy, as well as numerous sclerosis, to name a few.

A transient event triggered by a short-term disturbance in the mind’s electric system. There are different kinds of seizures, which can be caused by numerous conditions. consisting of high temperature, head trauma, as well as stroke.


Status Epilepticus
A condition in which a seizure lasts longer than 5 minutes or when seizures happen close together without a healing period in between them. Status epilepticus can be convulsive and also non-convulsive; both calling for emergency treatment.

Tonic-Clonic Seizure
A sort of seizure, often called a “grand mal” seizure, that causes uncontrolled jerking and also stiffness of the arms, legs, or body, as well as loss of consciousness or awareness. These seizures normally last from a number of secs to a number of mins.

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