HIV/AIDS

Hives, Urticaria, and Angioedema

Hives are inflamed, pale red bumps, patches, or welts on the skin that show up unexpectedly. They can occur as a result of allergic reactions or various other reasons. Your medical professional may call them urticaria.

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Hives are inflamed, pale red bumps, patches, or welts on the skin that show up unexpectedly. They can occur as a result of allergic reactions or various other reasons. Your medical professional may call them urticaria.

Hives normally impulse, but they might additionally burn or sting. They can turn up anywhere on your body, consisting of the face, lips, tongue, throat, as well as ears. They vary in dimension from a pencil eraser to a dinner plate as well as may join together to create bigger locations called plaques. They can last for hours, weeks, or even years.

Angioedema is different. The swelling takes place under the skin, not on the surface. It’s marked by deep swelling around the eyes as well as lips and sometimes of the genital areas, hands, as well as feet. It typically lasts longer than hives, however the swelling typically goes away in less than 24-hour. It’s rare, however angioedema of the throat, tongue, or lungs can block your airways, making it tough to take a breath.

Causes

Allergies, chemicals in foods, insect stings, sunlight, and also medications can make your body launch a chemical called histamine. Histamine often makes blood plasma leak out of little blood vessels in the skin, creating hives or angioedema.

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In some cases, physicians don’t know precisely why hives have actually formed.

Types

Severe urticaria and/or angioedema are hives or swelling lasting less than 6 weeks. The most typical causes are foods, medications, latex, as well as infections. Insect attacks or an illness may likewise be responsible.

The most usual foods that create hives are nuts, delicious chocolate, fish, tomatoes, eggs, fresh berries, soy, wheat, and milk. Fresh foods cause hives regularly than cooked foods. Certain preservative and also chemicals may likewise be responsible.

Medicines that can create hives as well as angioedema consist of aspirin and various other NSAIDs (such as advil), high blood pressure drugs (such as ACE inhibitors), as well as pain relievers such as codeine.

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Persistent urticaria and/or angioedema are hives or swelling that lasts greater than 6 weeks. The cause is typically harder to locate than in intense cases. The causes can be similar to those of acute urticaria yet can additionally include your immune system, chronic infections, hormone problems, as well as lumps.

Physical urticaria are hives brought on by direct physical excitement of the skin– for instance, cool, warm, sunshine, vibration, pressure, sweating, and also exercise. They usually happen right where the skin was affected as well as hardly ever appear anywhere else. Many appear within 1 hr after direct exposure.

Dermatographism are hives that develop after securely rubbing or scraping the skin. You may likewise have other types of hives.

Hereditary angioedema is painful swelling under the skin. It runs in households.

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Diagnosis

Medical diagnosis
Your doctor will ask you many questions to try to find the source of hives or angioedema. You’ll also get a checkup.

Your medical professional might give you skin tests to figure out if you dislike something. You might get blood tests, as well.

Treatment

The best treatment is to identify as well as remove the trigger. But that’s not constantly very easy.

Your doctor might recommend antihistamines to reduce your symptoms or help avoid them.

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If you have chronic hives, you may need antihistamines or a combination of drugs, such as steroids or a biologic drug.

For extreme hives or angioedema, you may need an injection of epinephrine or a steroid medication.

5 Simple Tips

While you wait on the hives as well as swelling to go away:

  1. Avoid hot water. Use lukewarm water instead.
  2. Use gentle, mild soap.
  3. Apply cool compresses or wet cloths to the affected areas.
  4. Try to work and sleep in a cool room.
  5. Wear loose-fitting lightweight clothes.

When Should I Call the Doctor?

If you have hives or angioedema as well as any one of the complying with signs, call your doctor today:

  • Dizziness
  • Wheezing
  • Trouble breathing
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Swelling of the tongue, lips, or face

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